“Tianhe-I” : China’s Defense University builds World Third fastest supercomputer

October.29 (China Military News Reporting by Johnathan Weng) — The Chinese National University of Defense Technology (NUDT) unveiled Thursday China’s fastest supercomputer, also the World Third fastest computer, which is able to do more than one quadrillion calculations per second theoretically at its peak speed.

China name this supercomputer as “Tianhe-I” (天河一号 meaning River in Sky), which later will be installed in Tianjin. As matter of fact, Tianjin is one of two cities with “Super computing center”
China announces that “Tianhe-I”’s theoretical peak performance can reach 1.2 petaFLOPS and highest LINPACK score is 563.1 teraFLOPS. The rank of “Tianhe-I” peak performance has exceeded the JUGENE (1.0 petaFLOPS) of Jülich Research Centre and its LINPACK score overrun NASA’s Pleiades.
China says the birth of “Tianhe-1″ let China be the second country to develop petaFLOP level supercomputer beside U.S..

“Tianhe-I” has 6,144 Intel CPUs and 5,120 AMD GPUs, Total Memory is 98TB, point-to-point communication bandwidth is 40Gbps. “Tianhe-I” has 103 racks, weights 155 tons and occupies nearly 1,000 square metres. According to Chinese news resources, “Tianhe-I” will be used in computing the structures and properties of chemical compounds, biological macromolecules; physical simulations of airplanes and spaceships. China does not disclose whether this supercomputer will be used in military purposes, such as nuclear weapon development.
“Tianhe-I” has an Architecture of Vector processing Coordination Configurable Parallel System. “Tianhe-I” is one project of well-known “863 Plan” and was initiate in 2008.
Chinese National University of Defense Technology (NUDT) is also the developer of China’s first gigaFLOPS supercomputer “Yinhe”.
At present, the performance score has not been confirmed by Top500.org.
Here is a table of China’s supercomputer development histroy:


CSIRO to launch GPU-based supercomputer

By Brett Winterford
Nov 23, 2009 12:23 AM
Tags: csiro | gpu | nvidia | teraflops | supercomputer | cluster
Uses GPU cluster to trump machines twice its size.
The CSIRO is expected to this week announce the launch of a new supercomputer, which uses a cluster of GPUs (graphical processing units) to gain a processing capacity that competes with supercomputers over twice its size.
The supercomputer is one of the world's first to combine traditional CPUs with the more powerful GPUs.
According to the updated CSIRO website it has 128 Dual Xeon E5462 Compute Nodes (i.e. a total of 1024 2.8GHz compute cores) with 16 GB or 32 GB of RAM, 500 GB SATA storage and DDR InfiniBand interconnect. And it has 64 Tesla S1070 - 256 GPUs with 61440 streaming-processor cores.
The supercomputer has 144-port DDR InfiniBand Switch and an 80 Terabyte Hitachi network attached storage file system.
The CSIRO said the supercomputer 's NVIDIA-based GPU technology can increase the speed of its scientific data crunching by a factor of between 10 and 100.
The CSIRO claimed the system boasted processing capacity of some 200+ teraflops (i.e. over 200 trillion floating point calculations per second), which would appear on face level to be greater than the 140 teraflop-capablesupercomputer announced by the Australian National University last week.
But the CSIRO concedes that these stats can't be taken on a like-for-like basis - the CSIRO supercomputer is 256 Teraflops of "single precision" (32-bit) computing performance, while the ANU machine is 140 Teraflops of"double precision" (64-bit) computing performance.
The CSIRO has more information on the GPU cluster here.
Stay tuned for more on the new supercomputer in this afternoon's edition ofiTnews.
The original version of this story working on pre-release information from the CSIRO incorrectly said that the supercomputer would have 100 Intel Xeon CPU chips and 50 Tesla GPU chips. The error was corrected in this version.

Inside the Datacentre pod with CSIRO GPU Cluster.

CSIRO GPU Cluster racks during installation, front view

CSIRO GPU Cluster racks during installation, front view

CSIRO GPU Cluster compute nodes

CSIRO GPU Cluster racks during installation.

CSIRO GPU Cluster racks during installation.

Datacentre pod with CSIRO GPU Cluster.

CSIRO GPU Cluster compute nodes Infiniband cabling and patch panel.

CSIRO GPU Cluster Hitachi data storage, front view

CSIRO GPU Cluster Hitachi data storage, rear view.

CSIRO GPU Cluster Hitachi storage controllers (HNAS)

Cluster Communication rack patch panels.


OCZ Colossus SSD

more detail - http://www.pcper.com/article.php?aid=821&type=expert&pid=1

Fusion-io’s SSD Setup Reaches 1TB/s Aggregate Bandwidth.

Fusion-io, a designer of high-end solid-state drive (SSD) solutions, announced this week that it would deploy custom installations based on its ioMemory technology at two presently undisclosed government organizations. Each deployment consists of hundreds of terabytes of solid-state storage capacity and is capable of sustaining over 1TB/s of aggregate bandwidth with access latencies under 50ms.
The extreme performance achievements were made possible by Fusion-io’s development of the ioDrive Octal card, a custom PCI Express card. The device holds eight ioMemory Modules – putting the equivalent capacity and performance of eight ioDrives into a single card. The ioDrive Octal fits any PCI Express 2.0 x16 double-wide slot, the same as those used for high performance graphics cards, and it is capable of saturating the full performance of that slot. The ioDrive Octal again demonstrates the flexibility, performance and scalability of Fusion’s ioMemory architecture, the core technology that powers all the company’s enterprise products.
Achieving a 1TB/s sustained bandwidth with existing storage technologies requires close to 55 440 disk drives, 396 SAN controllers, 792 I/O servers and 132 racks of equipment. Fusion-io can achieve this same bandwidth with a mere 220 ioDrive Octal cards, housed in Infiniband-attached I/O servers running the Lustre parallel file system. This 1TB/s Fusion-io based solution requires six racks or less than 1/20th the rack space of an equivalent, high-performance, hard disk drive-based storage system.
“We were eager to take on the challenge of creating a device that meets the intense demands of high performance computing. With this architecture, IOPS are easy. We achieved over a hundred million IOPS, more than enough performance to meet our customer’s requirements. The real power in our architecture was the ability to also scale bandwidth. We look forward to productizing the ioDrive Octal in the future, and bringing the power of this solid-state storage technology from the world of HPC to the enterprise,” said Steve Wozniak, chief scientist at Fusion-io.
Specifications of ioDrive Octal look as follows:
  • 800,000 IOPS (4k packet size);
  • 6 GB/s bandwidth;
  • 5 TB maximum capacity;
  • PCIe x16 2.0 double-wide PCI Express form factor.
“Innovative technology, like Fusion's ioMemory, will fundamentally change the way the industry architects high performance computing facilities in the future. Technologies like these will drive new and emerging HPC systems as they continue their exponential growth in performance. Only improvements in storage bandwidth at this order of magnitude can keep the floor space and power consumption requirements from becoming unmanageable and unsustainable,” said Mark Seager, manager of the platforms program for the advanced simulation and computing (ASCI) program at Lawrence Livermore.


OCZ officially unveils the Colossus 3.5-inch SSDs

Almost six months after their first sighting, the Colossus 3.5-inch solid state drives from OCZ have finally been announced. The 120GB, 250GB, 500GB and 1TB drives have an aluminum casing and feature MLC (multi-level cell) NAND flash memory chips, internal RAID, two controllers and 128MB of cache memory, a SATA 3.0 Gbps interface, a MTBF (mean time before failure) of 1.5 million hours, and deliver read and write speeds of up to 260 MB/s.

"The new Colossus Series is designed to boost desktop and workstation performance and is for high power users that put a premium on speed, reliability and maximum storage capacity," said Eugene Chang, VP of Product Management at the OCZ Technology Group. "The Colossus core-architecture is also available to enterprise clients with locked BOMs (build of materials) and customized firmware to match their unique applications."

The Colossus SSDs are backed by a three-year warranty and are said to start off at $300.


Multi-GPU Radeon HD 5000 series video card "Radeon HD 5970"

AMD is November 18, Radeon HD 5000 series GPU Multi-core video card is "Radeon HD 5970" announced. Radeon check the performance of the new flagship product. 

● Equipped with two full-spec based on the Cypress, the clock specification 5850

Hemlock had been predicted by the code name "Radeon HD 5970" is, Radeon HD 5000 series architecture based on multi-GPU is the video card. Radeon HD 3000/4000 generation, product name at the end of "X2" multi-GPU and it was put to clarify that the video card, this generation has shown that the Radeon HD 5800 series lineup top The model name is adopted.

AMD will use here is borrowed from the reference board, the board length is very long (photo 1,2). AMD multi-GPU on one PCB video card with two GPU put the style (Photo 3) and sticking to the board tend to be really long.

[Photo 1] Radeon HD 5970 reference board

[Photo 2] long board is about to end, including the design of 310mm. Radeon HD 5870 more than 3cm long and is


[Photo 3] The back of the reference board. GPU single PCB to the two shows that are listed

The main specifications are as shown in Table 1. Once a brief, 20 SIMD units have enabled all of the Radeon HD 5870 for full-spec engine, the same group with two core Cypress, the clock will be called Radeon HD 5850 running at an equivalent product. AMD demonstrated its architecture in Figure 1 is a description of materials. PLX Techology Cypress Core 2 based chip will be connected by a bridge style. This is like the Radeon HD 4870 X2/3870 X2.

Table 1 Radeon HD 5970 Specifications

Radeon HD 5970Radeon HD 5870Radeon HD 5850
Process rules40nm 
Core clock725MHz850MHz725MHz
SP Number1,600 units × 21,600 units1,440 units
Texture Units80 units × 280 units72 units
Memory1GB × 2 GDDR51GB GDDR5 
Overclocking1,000 MHz1,200 MHz1,000 MHz
Memory Interface256bit × 2256bi t 
ROP Units32 units × 232 units 
Power Board (idle)42W27W 
Power Board (peak)294W188W151W


[Figure 1] Block diagram of the Radeon HD 5970

Incidentally, the reference board try to remove the cooler, GPU, and each of the two units can be sure that 1GB of GDDR5 memory and being (Photos 4-7). H5GQ1H24AFR-T2C on Hynix's memory, 5.0Gbps memory chip that supports up. 4.0Gbps say that there is enough for chips.

[Photo 4] after removing the air conditioner. Cypress both sides of the core GPU, the central bridge chips
 [Photo 5] each GPU connected to the memory of 8 total. Each per GPU, the surface of four sheets, the back four sheets to implement
[Photo 6] The video memory is Hynix H5GQ1H24AFR-T2C. 1Gbit chips each GPU to eight pieces each, and a total of 2GB

[Photo 7] Vapor Camber cooler is that adopted the thermal conductivity (transport) which increases

And have adopted such a memory, Radeon HD 5970 is a point that is also appealing design that is over with the clock (Figure 2-3). Power consumption, but later, 300W while running clock set to exceed the current frame that leaves room for the tune score, suggesting that the idea.

[Figure 2] Radeon HD 5970 is designed to appeal to the board with overclocking


[Figure 3] which also shows the design with the clock over here, in terms of features and structures, including a cooler

Bridge chip, ATI logo and "AMD8647-BBB50BC" was stamped the model number (photo 8). However, as was also the first document, the entity would PLX Technology products. AMD8647 and from the model show that, Radeon HD 4870 X2 like 48-lane PCI Express 2.0 bridge chip PEX8647 is believed to have been used.

294W peak power is in the way of the board, power supply terminal is equipped with 6-pin and 8-pin (Photo 9). PCI Express slots, +8 pin 6 can be supplied in-line configuration on the edge, and 300W power supply pin, the clock speed of the Radeon HD 5850 that is considerable and seems to be greater for this reason. The PEX8647 bridge chip, the product literature, 2.8W typical power consumption has been marked, Radeon HD 5970 from my total, and large enough to affect the power is not major.

Bracket of the Mini DisplayPort and DVI × 2 configuration is (photo 10). Eyefinity Radeon HD 5000 series features characteristic of these three can be used simultaneously to one output, Mini DipslayPort the availability of good points from the DisplayPort adapter to convert it disturbing. Most, Mini DisplayPort also finally standardized as the VESA standard so extended, the potential for improved high availability of these adapters.

[8] with two photos and GPU connection, PC with PCI Express bridge chip provides the interface "AMD8647-BBB50BC" use. PLX Technology is a chip made

[Photo 9] 6-pin power supply terminal pin configuration +8


[10] pictures of the bracket DVI-I × 2 + Mini DisplayPort is and

In addition, Native CrossFire and pins, this product can be used two pieces Quad CrossFire (Photo 11). Rated as the clock is running when the idle core by ATI PowerPlay 157MHz, Memory 300MHz to ensure that the clock is down to (screen 1)


SGI Unveils Octane™ III Personal Supercomputer


Octane III Delivers Unparalleled Performance, Energy Efficiency and Ease of Use to HPC Users in Office Environments
FREMONT, Calif. — September 21, 2009 — SGI® (NASDAQ: SGI) today announced the immediate availability of Octane™ III, the company's first personal supercomputer. This new product takes high-performance computing to a new level by combining the immense power and performance capabilities of a high-performance deskside cluster with the portability and usability of a workstation. The Octane III is uniquely suited for workplace environments and supports a vast range of distributed technical computing applications.
Octane III is office-ready with a pedestal, one-by-two-foot form factor, whisper-quiet operations, easy-to-use features, low maintenance requirements and support for standard office power outlets. While a typical workstation has only eight cores and moderate memory capacity, the superior design of the Octane III permits up to 80 high-performance cores and nearly 1TB of memory for unparalleled performance.
"Octane III makes supercomputing personal again," said Mark J. Barrenechea, president and CEOof SGI. "Our customers have been asking for office environment products with large core counts that are easy to use and whisper-quiet. Octane III brings all of this to the HPC professional, and enables a new era of personal innovation in strategic science, research, development and visualization."
Octane III is easily configurable with single- and dual-socket node choices, and offers a wide selection of performance, storage, graphics, GP-GPU and integrated networking options. Yielding the same leading power efficiencies inherent in all SGI Eco-Logical™ compute designs, Octane III supports the latest Intel® processors to capitalize on greater levels of performance, flexibility and scalability.
"IDC research has shown a growing demand for high-performance deskside supercomputers, and the new Octane III personal supercomputer is designed to directly address the requirements of both the entry level HPC technical server market and the desktop workstation market with a high-performance cluster designed to help close the gap between the desktop and the data center," said Earl Joseph, HPC Program Vice President at IDC. "SGI workstations and servers have been highly regarded by HPC scientists, engineers and analysts, and the new system with up to 80 high-performance cores and 1TB of memory is certain to capture the attention of many HPC computing professionals."
Octane III is available in a variety of configurations:
  • Ten dual-socket, Quad-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 5500 series-based nodes
  • One dual-socket, Quad-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 5500 series-based workstation with advanced NVIDIA graphics and/or GP-GPU card support
  • Nineteen single-socket, Quad-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 3400 series-based nodes
  • Nineteen single-socket, Dual-Core Intel® Atom™ processor-based nodes
"SGI's Octane III offers a solution for workstation users wanting to reach dramatically higher levels of performance with minimal investment. With the support of up to 19 Intel® Xeon® processors,HPC users looking to enhance their workgroup productivity outside the data center can also utilize the benefits of the Octane III for faster discovery and quicker simulations," said Richard Dracott, General Manager of High Performance Computing at Intel. "With certification from the Intel® Cluster Ready program, Octane III will provide a powerful, easy-to-deploy personal supercomputer."
For a simple, out-of-the-box experience, Octane III ships as a factory-tested, pre-integrated platform with broad HPC application support — powerful enough for the most complex applications in the world. These include fluid dynamics, quantum mechanics, molecular dynamics, seismic processing, data analytics, rendering, visualization and computer-aided design, among many otherHPC applications.
Octane III supports Microsoft HPC Server 2008, SUSE® Linux® Enterprise Server and Red Hat® Enterprise Linux operating systems. Linux configurations include SGI ProPack™ and ISLE™ cluster management software.
Octane III will be on display at the Intel Developer Forum (IDF) at Moscone Center, San Francisco,Calif., on September 22-24, 2009, in Booth # 718 at the Technology Showcase in the HyperScale Community.
Availability and Pricing: Octane III is immediately available with Intel® Xeon® processor 5500 series or Intel® Atom™ configurations. The base configuration price starts at $7,995. For more information about Octane III, please visit http://www.sgi.com/OctaneIII.
Note to editors: High-resolution photos of Octane III are available for download atwww.sgi.com/media.
About SGI SGI® is a global leader in large-scale clustered computing, high-performance storage, HPC and data center enablement and services. SGI is focused on helping customers solve their most demanding business and technology challenges. Visit www.sgi.com for more information.
Contact Information:
Schwartz Communications, Inc. Jen Spark 415-512-0770 SGIPR@schwartz-pr.com
© 2009 SGI. SGI, Octane and Eco-Logical are registered trademarks of Silicon Graphics International Corp. All other trademarks are property of their respective holders.


ASUS P6T7 SuperComputer

ASUS P6T7 SuperComputer
  • 6 DDR3 slots
  • 6 SATA
  • 2 SAS
  • 1156 PIN CPU
  • 2 eSATA
  • 2 LAN Marvell 88SE6121
  • 1394a controller VIA 6315N
  • Audio ADI 2000B
  • 4 PCI-E x16
  • 4 PCI-E x8


HD 5870 with 1024 and 2048 MiB VRAM

The day before yesterday we revealed the specifications of the HD 5870. Those also contained 1600 stream processors, 80 TMUs and 32 ROPs, and with that, definitely twice of the HD 4850/4870/4890. This also leaves a mark on the transistor budget of the chips, which is now twice as high with 2.15 Billion circuits. Despite the 40 nm technique the chip size amounts 338 mm², so the chip is the second-biggest AMD chip after the R600.
.HD 4870HD 4890HD 5850HD 5870
Technique55 nanometres55 nanometres40 nanometres40 nanometres
Transistors0,96 Billion0,96 Billion2,15 Billion2,15 Billion
Chip size260 mm²282 mm²338 mm²338 mm²
Chip frequency750 MHz850 MHz725 MHz850 MHz
Memory frequency900 MHz975 MHz1000 MHz1200 MHz
Stream processors80080014401600
Shader performance1200 Gigaflops1360 Gigaflops2088 Gigaflops2720 Gigaflops
Texel fill rate30.000 MT/s34.000 MT/s52.200 MT/s68.000 MT/s
Pixel fill rate12.000 MP/s13.600 MP/s23.200 MP/s27.200 MP/s
Memory interface256 Bit GDDR5256 Bit GDDR5256 Bit GDDR5256 Bit GDDR5
Memory bandwidth115,2 GB/s124,8 GB/s128,0 GB/s153,6 GB/s
Prices--$299$399 (1024M)
$449 (2048M)

As we could learn now, the HD 5870 will appear in several versions, one with 1024 and another with 2048 MiB texture memory, although it is still uncertain through the loss of official benchmarks if the bigger memory adds up at all. The doubled memory will result in 50 USD more in price. This means for the HD 5870 with 1024 MiB texture memory still to be at 399 USD, while you just find a < 400 USD on AMD's newest documents, so 449 USD for the 2048 MiB version.
ATI Radeon HD 5870 (4 Bilder)
ATI Radeon HD 5870
The interesting thing is, that, against our last report, the HD 5870 with 1024 MiB will not work with 825/1300 MHz, but with 850/1200 MHz. If this follows a small last-minute alternation or if the 825/1300 MHz are meant to be from the 2048 MiB version, we will not know until the launch day, which will still be September 23. The performance of the HD 5870 should not experience any major changes.